UPLC-ELSD Analysis of Algal Lipid Classes and Derivatization of Bound and Free Fatty Acids and Sterols for GC-MS Methods

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Abstract

Constituents of microalgae and sample preparation for UPLC-ELSD and GC-MS analyses are described. Bound fatty acids from acylglycerols, alkylacylglycerols, galactosyldiacylglycerols, glycerophospholipids, and sterol esters are derivatized by using transesterification with sodium methoxide to form fatty acid methyl esters. Compounds containing free hydroxyl groups, either present originally or formed during previous step, like free fatty acids, sterols, α-tocopherol, phytol, and nonesterified alkoxyglycerols, are trimethylsilylated. The compounds in algal lipid extract are subsequently derivatized by these two steps.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiofuels from Algae
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
EditorsKristian Spilling
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherHumana Press
Pages223-232
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4939-9416-8
ISBN (Print)978-1-4939-9415-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

SeriesMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1980
ISSN1064-3745

Keywords

  • lipid classes
  • evaporative light-scattering detection
  • fatty acids
  • gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • transesterification
  • trimethylsilylation
  • ultra performance liquid chromatography

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