Urban form has direct and indirect effects on greenhouse gas emissions.
It affects via buildings and infrastructure, energy consumption, energy
production systems, waste management, need for transportation, distances,
accessibility, modal split, prerequisites for public transportation, walking
and cycling etc.
Urban sprawl has been a common and continuing trend in many countries. The
same trend can be recognised in the Nordic countries as well.
By preventing urban sprawl it would be possible to reduce annual
transportation emissions, the emissions from residential and service buildings
and the emissions from infrastructure. In Finland it is possible to reduce
the greenhouse gas emissions by 2.3 million tonnes, which amounts to 15 % of
Finland's target for emissions reductions in 2010. This is the result of a
recent study utilising advanced GIS techniques and several country-wide
databases concerning built environment (buildings and infrastructure)
integrated with impact assessment tools.
Instruments to develop urban form and transportation systems in a sustainable
way to decrease greenhouse gas emissions in the Nordic countries are collected
in an ongoing project completed during 2003. Instruments might concern
control of urban development, supporting residential activities in city
centres, control of location of shopping malls, preventing long commuting
trips, reduction of transportation need and car dependency and promotion of
walking, cycling and public transport.
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||84|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
|Series||VTT Research Report|