Use of brazing technique for manufacturing of high temperature fibre optical temperature and displacement transducer

Stefan Sandlin, Topi Kosonen, Ari Hokkanen, Liisa Heikinheimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In contrast to the case of embedding sensing fibres in composites, very little has been published on embedding fibres in high melting point metallic alloys.
In the present work a methodology is presented for manufacturing a fibre optical displacement transducer for high temperature applications.
The transducer is based on in fibre Bragg gratings that are metal embedded in a transducer body made of Inconel 600 (a refractory alloy). The fibre embedding is carried out by vacuum brazing at a temperature of 900°C using a silver based brazing alloy.
This technique solves many problems in constructing the transducer. During the brazing process the brazing alloy fuses with the metallic coating on the fibre. Because of this and as a consequence of the low thermal expansion of the silica the fibre will end up in axial and radial compression when the alloy around the fibre solidifies and cools down.
In the present work cross-sections of embedded fibres are presented and the distribution of elements and phases in the joint is investigated in order to identify the reactions between the brazing alloy and the Ni coating on the optical fibre.
Finally, the performance of the joint is illustrated by presenting some in situ optical measurement of Bragg wavelength shifts of the embedded in fibre Bragg gratings. The stress state in a two embedded fibre gratings is also estimated from the measured wavelength shifts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1255
JournalMaterials Science and Technology
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

brazing
Brazing
Optical fibers
Transducers
transducers
manufacturing
optical fibers
fibers
Fibers
Temperature
temperature
embedding
Fiber Bragg gratings
Refractory alloys
Vacuum brazing
Bragg gratings
Coatings
Wavelength
High temperature applications
Electric fuses

Keywords

  • condition monitoring
  • strain
  • displacement
  • temperature
  • high temperature
  • fibre optical Bragg grating
  • fibre optical sensors

Cite this

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title = "Use of brazing technique for manufacturing of high temperature fibre optical temperature and displacement transducer",
abstract = "In contrast to the case of embedding sensing fibres in composites, very little has been published on embedding fibres in high melting point metallic alloys. In the present work a methodology is presented for manufacturing a fibre optical displacement transducer for high temperature applications. The transducer is based on in fibre Bragg gratings that are metal embedded in a transducer body made of Inconel 600 (a refractory alloy). The fibre embedding is carried out by vacuum brazing at a temperature of 900°C using a silver based brazing alloy. This technique solves many problems in constructing the transducer. During the brazing process the brazing alloy fuses with the metallic coating on the fibre. Because of this and as a consequence of the low thermal expansion of the silica the fibre will end up in axial and radial compression when the alloy around the fibre solidifies and cools down. In the present work cross-sections of embedded fibres are presented and the distribution of elements and phases in the joint is investigated in order to identify the reactions between the brazing alloy and the Ni coating on the optical fibre. Finally, the performance of the joint is illustrated by presenting some in situ optical measurement of Bragg wavelength shifts of the embedded in fibre Bragg gratings. The stress state in a two embedded fibre gratings is also estimated from the measured wavelength shifts.",
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author = "Stefan Sandlin and Topi Kosonen and Ari Hokkanen and Liisa Heikinheimo",
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Use of brazing technique for manufacturing of high temperature fibre optical temperature and displacement transducer. / Sandlin, Stefan; Kosonen, Topi; Hokkanen, Ari; Heikinheimo, Liisa.

In: Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 10, 2007, p. 1249-1255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Sandlin, Stefan

AU - Kosonen, Topi

AU - Hokkanen, Ari

AU - Heikinheimo, Liisa

PY - 2007

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N2 - In contrast to the case of embedding sensing fibres in composites, very little has been published on embedding fibres in high melting point metallic alloys. In the present work a methodology is presented for manufacturing a fibre optical displacement transducer for high temperature applications. The transducer is based on in fibre Bragg gratings that are metal embedded in a transducer body made of Inconel 600 (a refractory alloy). The fibre embedding is carried out by vacuum brazing at a temperature of 900°C using a silver based brazing alloy. This technique solves many problems in constructing the transducer. During the brazing process the brazing alloy fuses with the metallic coating on the fibre. Because of this and as a consequence of the low thermal expansion of the silica the fibre will end up in axial and radial compression when the alloy around the fibre solidifies and cools down. In the present work cross-sections of embedded fibres are presented and the distribution of elements and phases in the joint is investigated in order to identify the reactions between the brazing alloy and the Ni coating on the optical fibre. Finally, the performance of the joint is illustrated by presenting some in situ optical measurement of Bragg wavelength shifts of the embedded in fibre Bragg gratings. The stress state in a two embedded fibre gratings is also estimated from the measured wavelength shifts.

AB - In contrast to the case of embedding sensing fibres in composites, very little has been published on embedding fibres in high melting point metallic alloys. In the present work a methodology is presented for manufacturing a fibre optical displacement transducer for high temperature applications. The transducer is based on in fibre Bragg gratings that are metal embedded in a transducer body made of Inconel 600 (a refractory alloy). The fibre embedding is carried out by vacuum brazing at a temperature of 900°C using a silver based brazing alloy. This technique solves many problems in constructing the transducer. During the brazing process the brazing alloy fuses with the metallic coating on the fibre. Because of this and as a consequence of the low thermal expansion of the silica the fibre will end up in axial and radial compression when the alloy around the fibre solidifies and cools down. In the present work cross-sections of embedded fibres are presented and the distribution of elements and phases in the joint is investigated in order to identify the reactions between the brazing alloy and the Ni coating on the optical fibre. Finally, the performance of the joint is illustrated by presenting some in situ optical measurement of Bragg wavelength shifts of the embedded in fibre Bragg gratings. The stress state in a two embedded fibre gratings is also estimated from the measured wavelength shifts.

KW - condition monitoring

KW - strain

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KW - temperature

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KW - fibre optical Bragg grating

KW - fibre optical sensors

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