Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue

Juha Kuutti, Iikka Virkkunen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Repeated exposure to rapid temperature transients causes gradual damage in material. This is called thermal fatigue. Thermal fatigue is an important degradation mechanism in nuclear power plant components and can limit the plant lifetime where thermal loads are present, e.g., due to turbulent mixing or change in plant operating conditions. The effects of the thermal load cycles include residual stresses, hardening or softening of the material and, finally, crack initiation and growth. Traditionally, thermal fatigue crack growth rates are estimated from the stress intensity factors calculated from uncracked stress distributions and the Paris' law. In the low-cycle regime, the use of weight function based stress intensity factor solutions derived under linear elastic assumptions is questionable due to considerable plasticity. On the other hand, numerical contour integral techniques are ill-suited for thermal cyclic loading. In this work, the use of the crack opening displacement as the crack driving force parameter is evaluated through simulations of a low-cycle thermal fatigue experiments. The use of the crack tip opening displacement avoids the traditional limitations in the numerical evaluation of the J-integral. The unique relationship between the crack opening displacement and J-integral is derived and the crack driving force is used in a crack growth assessment. The results show that the crack driving force calculated from the uncracked stress distributions overestimates the crack driving force significantly (as compared to values calculated from the crack opening displacement). The crack growth rate calculated with the Paris' law is in good agreement with the experimental results, when the crack driving force is computed from the crack opening displacement.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology
    PublisherInternational Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology 2013, SMiRT 22 - San Francisco, United States
    Duration: 18 Aug 201323 Aug 2013
    Conference number: 23

    Publication series

    SeriesTransactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology
    ISSN0167-563X

    Conference

    Conference22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology 2013, SMiRT 22
    Abbreviated titleSMiRT 22
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Francisco
    Period18/08/1323/08/13

    Fingerprint

    Thermal fatigue
    Cracks
    Crack propagation
    Thermal load
    Stress intensity factors
    Stress concentration
    Fatigue crack propagation
    Crack initiation
    Crack tips
    Nuclear power plants
    Plasticity
    Hardening
    Residual stresses
    Degradation

    Cite this

    Kuutti, J., & Virkkunen, I. (2017). Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue. In SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT . Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology
    Kuutti, Juha ; Virkkunen, Iikka. / Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue. SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology. International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT , 2017. (Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology).
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    title = "Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue",
    abstract = "Repeated exposure to rapid temperature transients causes gradual damage in material. This is called thermal fatigue. Thermal fatigue is an important degradation mechanism in nuclear power plant components and can limit the plant lifetime where thermal loads are present, e.g., due to turbulent mixing or change in plant operating conditions. The effects of the thermal load cycles include residual stresses, hardening or softening of the material and, finally, crack initiation and growth. Traditionally, thermal fatigue crack growth rates are estimated from the stress intensity factors calculated from uncracked stress distributions and the Paris' law. In the low-cycle regime, the use of weight function based stress intensity factor solutions derived under linear elastic assumptions is questionable due to considerable plasticity. On the other hand, numerical contour integral techniques are ill-suited for thermal cyclic loading. In this work, the use of the crack opening displacement as the crack driving force parameter is evaluated through simulations of a low-cycle thermal fatigue experiments. The use of the crack tip opening displacement avoids the traditional limitations in the numerical evaluation of the J-integral. The unique relationship between the crack opening displacement and J-integral is derived and the crack driving force is used in a crack growth assessment. The results show that the crack driving force calculated from the uncracked stress distributions overestimates the crack driving force significantly (as compared to values calculated from the crack opening displacement). The crack growth rate calculated with the Paris' law is in good agreement with the experimental results, when the crack driving force is computed from the crack opening displacement.",
    author = "Juha Kuutti and Iikka Virkkunen",
    year = "2017",
    language = "English",
    series = "Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology",
    booktitle = "SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology",
    publisher = "International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT",
    address = "United States",

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    Kuutti, J & Virkkunen, I 2017, Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue. in SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology. International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT , Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology, 22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology 2013, SMiRT 22, San Francisco, United States, 18/08/13.

    Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue. / Kuutti, Juha; Virkkunen, Iikka.

    SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology. International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT , 2017. (Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue

    AU - Kuutti, Juha

    AU - Virkkunen, Iikka

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Repeated exposure to rapid temperature transients causes gradual damage in material. This is called thermal fatigue. Thermal fatigue is an important degradation mechanism in nuclear power plant components and can limit the plant lifetime where thermal loads are present, e.g., due to turbulent mixing or change in plant operating conditions. The effects of the thermal load cycles include residual stresses, hardening or softening of the material and, finally, crack initiation and growth. Traditionally, thermal fatigue crack growth rates are estimated from the stress intensity factors calculated from uncracked stress distributions and the Paris' law. In the low-cycle regime, the use of weight function based stress intensity factor solutions derived under linear elastic assumptions is questionable due to considerable plasticity. On the other hand, numerical contour integral techniques are ill-suited for thermal cyclic loading. In this work, the use of the crack opening displacement as the crack driving force parameter is evaluated through simulations of a low-cycle thermal fatigue experiments. The use of the crack tip opening displacement avoids the traditional limitations in the numerical evaluation of the J-integral. The unique relationship between the crack opening displacement and J-integral is derived and the crack driving force is used in a crack growth assessment. The results show that the crack driving force calculated from the uncracked stress distributions overestimates the crack driving force significantly (as compared to values calculated from the crack opening displacement). The crack growth rate calculated with the Paris' law is in good agreement with the experimental results, when the crack driving force is computed from the crack opening displacement.

    AB - Repeated exposure to rapid temperature transients causes gradual damage in material. This is called thermal fatigue. Thermal fatigue is an important degradation mechanism in nuclear power plant components and can limit the plant lifetime where thermal loads are present, e.g., due to turbulent mixing or change in plant operating conditions. The effects of the thermal load cycles include residual stresses, hardening or softening of the material and, finally, crack initiation and growth. Traditionally, thermal fatigue crack growth rates are estimated from the stress intensity factors calculated from uncracked stress distributions and the Paris' law. In the low-cycle regime, the use of weight function based stress intensity factor solutions derived under linear elastic assumptions is questionable due to considerable plasticity. On the other hand, numerical contour integral techniques are ill-suited for thermal cyclic loading. In this work, the use of the crack opening displacement as the crack driving force parameter is evaluated through simulations of a low-cycle thermal fatigue experiments. The use of the crack tip opening displacement avoids the traditional limitations in the numerical evaluation of the J-integral. The unique relationship between the crack opening displacement and J-integral is derived and the crack driving force is used in a crack growth assessment. The results show that the crack driving force calculated from the uncracked stress distributions overestimates the crack driving force significantly (as compared to values calculated from the crack opening displacement). The crack growth rate calculated with the Paris' law is in good agreement with the experimental results, when the crack driving force is computed from the crack opening displacement.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    T3 - Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology

    BT - SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology

    PB - International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT

    ER -

    Kuutti J, Virkkunen I. Use of CTOD as crack driving force parameter for low-cycle thermal fatigue. In SMiRT-24, Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology. International Assn for Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology IASMiRT . 2017. (Transactions of the International conference on structural mechanics in reactor technology).