Use of immersive 3-d virtual reality environments in control room validations

Joakim D. Bergroth, Hanna M.K. Koskinen, Jari O. Laarni

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Advanced technologies (e.g., virtual and augmented reality) may provide new possibilities to facilitate control room (CR) design and evaluation activities. We studied how immersive three-dimensional (3-D) virtual reality environments may augment and advance the evaluation of safety-critical nuclear power plant CR systems. A multiuser functionality enables several operators to be located and to collaborate in the same virtual CR environment at the same time. There is also a realistic representation of emergency operating procedures in the virtual CR. Spatial audio communication through headsets makes the experience even more realistic. The paper addresses both technical and human factors issues associated with the use of immersive 3-D virtual reality environments in CR validation tests, for example, the amount of technical resources required as compared to normal validation in a real-life physical simulator environment, creation of methodologically new testing opportunities, and new opportunities for data registration and analysis. A new framework has been established for estimating the needed fidelity level of the virtual CR for the type of system evaluation at hand.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)278-289
    Number of pages12
    JournalNuclear Technology
    Issue number2-3
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible


    • control room
    • validation
    • virtual reality


    Dive into the research topics of 'Use of immersive 3-d virtual reality environments in control room validations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this