Abstract: The influence of the physical and colloidal properties of W-stone ground lignocellulose native fines (LF) on the properties of lignocellulosic composite filaments was investigated. W-stone ground LF is a low-cost material exhibiting a microfibrillar structure with the chemical structure of native wood. The physical properties of manufactured LFs were investigated by utilising SEM imaging, turbidity measurements and image-based particle analysis using a Kajaani fibre analyser. The properties of LFs were varied by adjusting the process energy input that altered the produced material’s particle size and shape and subsequent fractionation with a wire. The reduction in particle size was observed to increase the colloidal stability of produced LFs, but no significant changes in the chemical profile of the LFs were observed. The effect of the properties of LF on the manufacture of composite filaments with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was studied by using a dry-jet wet spinning approach. The smaller particle size had a positive effect on the mechanical properties of composite filaments (tenacity increased from 5.5 to up to 7.6 cN/tex). The compatibility of different plasticisers with LF–CMC composite filaments was also studied. It was observed that the number of free hydroxyls per a monomer unit of the plasticiser had a positive correlation with the plasticisation effect in the LF–CMC composite filaments. Regenerated cellulose filaments are often rather expensive to be used in many applications such as composites. The investigated filaments could thus be used in low-cost applications requiring a fully biodegradable material profile. Here, the presence of lignin may increase the structural compatibility of the produced matrix. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
- Energy consumption
- Particle size