Use of silicate crystallite mesoporous material as catalyst support for Fischer-Tropsch reaction

Takashi Iwasaki (Corresponding Author), Matti Reinikainen, Y. Onodera, H. Hayashi, T. Ebina, T. Nagase, K. Torii, Kirsi Kataja, A. Chatterjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Novel uniform mesoporous materials (silicate crystallite mesoporous material, SCMM) were synthesized by hydrothermal treatment of Si, Mg and/or Al containing hydroxide precipitates, along with quaternary ammonium salt, and were applied as catalyst support for Fischer–Tropsch reaction. SCMM is composed of aggregates of homogeneous layer silicate crystallites, as identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) photographs which are structurally analogous to smectite clay.
The mesopore of SCMM corresponds to interparticle space of disk-shaped crystallites (6–25 nm in diameter) aggregated by edge-to-face bonding. Two kinds of SCMM with variable negative charge locations were used as support materials of Co-catalysts for hydrogenation of CO.
Conversion of CO was high on SCMM compared with that of silica gel. Furthermore, the main products obtained were hydrocarbons. In case of SCMM type with negative charge near the surface, olefins and branched hydrocarbons were efficiently produced in CO conversion reaction; where as another SCMM type having negative charge at the middle of crystallite platelets produced mainly normal hydrocarbons for the same reaction.
This may be due to the role of the negative charge of SCMM which affects the chemical state of Co-catalyst supported on SCMM. The function of SCMM as compared to other mesoporous materials is better in terms of homogeneous and site-specific distribution of negative charge, which is further helpful in controlling the surface phenomenon as confirmed by the existence of linear CO species adsorbed on Co.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-850
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume130-132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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