Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa

PUUT08

Translated title of the contribution: Utilisation of forest chips, produced with different harvesting chains, in fluidised bed boilers of large power plants

Markku Orjala, Riikka Ingalsuo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

When combusting wood fuels the chemical composition of woof fuels can cause fouling and high-temperature corrosion of the heat transfer and superheater surfaces of the boiler. Problems are caused especially by forest chips, which include high quantities of needles and thin branches. Even though low alkali metal and chlorine contents are typical for wood fuels, the problem is that they are easily vaporised during combustion. Depending on the combustion conditions, the alkali metals can be oxidised to alkali metal oxides or they can form sulphates or chlorides. When combustion pure wood the sulphur content in combustion process is low and alkali metal compounds form chlorides easily, which can be condensed on the heat transfer surfaces of the boiler and form a significant high-temperature corrosion risk. If the sulphur content of the combustion process is increased e.g. by additional utilisation of peat, the chemistry of alkali metals is directed to formation of alkali metal sulphates instead of chlorides, and the chlorine liberated in the furnace forms gaseous hydrogen chloride (HCl). Hydrogen chloride, formed in combustion of wood fuels, is transferred in low concentrations in flue gases out of the boiler so it does not cause significant chlorine corrosion or emission risk.
Original languageFinnish
Title of host publicationPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001
Subtitle of host publicationPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages273-284
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5723-9
ISBN (Print)951-38-5722-0
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari - Jyväskylä, Finland
Duration: 5 Sep 20016 Sep 2001

Publication series

NameVTT Symposium
PublisherVTT
Number216
ISSN (Print)0357-9387
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0873

Seminar

SeminarPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari
CountryFinland
CityJyväskylä
Period5/09/016/09/01

Fingerprint

Alkali metals
Boilers
Power plants
Wood fuels
Chlorine
Corrosion
Alkali metal compounds
Sulfur
Heat transfer
Superheaters
Hydrogen
Peat
Fouling
Flue gases
Needles
Wood
Furnaces
Temperature
Oxides
Chemical analysis

Cite this

Orjala, M., & Ingalsuo, R. (2001). Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa: PUUT08. In Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari (pp. 273-284). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 216
Orjala, Markku ; Ingalsuo, Riikka. / Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa : PUUT08. Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. pp. 273-284 (VTT Symposium; No. 216).
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title = "Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman mets{\"a}-hakkeen k{\"a}ytt{\"o} suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa: PUUT08",
abstract = "When combusting wood fuels the chemical composition of woof fuels can cause fouling and high-temperature corrosion of the heat transfer and superheater surfaces of the boiler. Problems are caused especially by forest chips, which include high quantities of needles and thin branches. Even though low alkali metal and chlorine contents are typical for wood fuels, the problem is that they are easily vaporised during combustion. Depending on the combustion conditions, the alkali metals can be oxidised to alkali metal oxides or they can form sulphates or chlorides. When combustion pure wood the sulphur content in combustion process is low and alkali metal compounds form chlorides easily, which can be condensed on the heat transfer surfaces of the boiler and form a significant high-temperature corrosion risk. If the sulphur content of the combustion process is increased e.g. by additional utilisation of peat, the chemistry of alkali metals is directed to formation of alkali metal sulphates instead of chlorides, and the chlorine liberated in the furnace forms gaseous hydrogen chloride (HCl). Hydrogen chloride, formed in combustion of wood fuels, is transferred in low concentrations in flue gases out of the boiler so it does not cause significant chlorine corrosion or emission risk.",
author = "Markku Orjala and Riikka Ingalsuo",
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isbn = "951-38-5722-0",
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publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
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Orjala, M & Ingalsuo, R 2001, Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa: PUUT08. in Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 216, pp. 273-284, Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari, Jyväskylä, Finland, 5/09/01.

Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa : PUUT08. / Orjala, Markku; Ingalsuo, Riikka.

Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. p. 273-284 (VTT Symposium; No. 216).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa

T2 - PUUT08

AU - Orjala, Markku

AU - Ingalsuo, Riikka

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - When combusting wood fuels the chemical composition of woof fuels can cause fouling and high-temperature corrosion of the heat transfer and superheater surfaces of the boiler. Problems are caused especially by forest chips, which include high quantities of needles and thin branches. Even though low alkali metal and chlorine contents are typical for wood fuels, the problem is that they are easily vaporised during combustion. Depending on the combustion conditions, the alkali metals can be oxidised to alkali metal oxides or they can form sulphates or chlorides. When combustion pure wood the sulphur content in combustion process is low and alkali metal compounds form chlorides easily, which can be condensed on the heat transfer surfaces of the boiler and form a significant high-temperature corrosion risk. If the sulphur content of the combustion process is increased e.g. by additional utilisation of peat, the chemistry of alkali metals is directed to formation of alkali metal sulphates instead of chlorides, and the chlorine liberated in the furnace forms gaseous hydrogen chloride (HCl). Hydrogen chloride, formed in combustion of wood fuels, is transferred in low concentrations in flue gases out of the boiler so it does not cause significant chlorine corrosion or emission risk.

AB - When combusting wood fuels the chemical composition of woof fuels can cause fouling and high-temperature corrosion of the heat transfer and superheater surfaces of the boiler. Problems are caused especially by forest chips, which include high quantities of needles and thin branches. Even though low alkali metal and chlorine contents are typical for wood fuels, the problem is that they are easily vaporised during combustion. Depending on the combustion conditions, the alkali metals can be oxidised to alkali metal oxides or they can form sulphates or chlorides. When combustion pure wood the sulphur content in combustion process is low and alkali metal compounds form chlorides easily, which can be condensed on the heat transfer surfaces of the boiler and form a significant high-temperature corrosion risk. If the sulphur content of the combustion process is increased e.g. by additional utilisation of peat, the chemistry of alkali metals is directed to formation of alkali metal sulphates instead of chlorides, and the chlorine liberated in the furnace forms gaseous hydrogen chloride (HCl). Hydrogen chloride, formed in combustion of wood fuels, is transferred in low concentrations in flue gases out of the boiler so it does not cause significant chlorine corrosion or emission risk.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5722-0

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 273

EP - 284

BT - Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Orjala M, Ingalsuo R. Erilaisten korjuuketjujen tuottaman metsä-hakkeen käyttö suurten voimaloiden leijukerroskattiloissa: PUUT08. In Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2001: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2001. p. 273-284. (VTT Symposium; No. 216).