Utilization of BIM-based Automated Safety Checking in Construction Planning

Kristiina Sulankivi, Sijie Zhang, Jochen Teizer, Charles M. Eastman, Markku Kiviniemi, Ilkka Romo, Leif Granholm

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    The applications of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in building design, construction production planning, and 4D simulation are growing rapidly. BIM-based modeling and simulation has brought many benefits to safety and logistic applications. However, tedious manual work is still required to model and schedule protective equipment in current BIM software. Limited automation in modeling and planning safety processes has been exploited so far. The objective of this paper is to investigate how safety issues that are unknowingly built into the construction schedule can be automatically identified early in the planning phase of a project. The developed automated safety rule-checking prototype for BIM was tested on a residential building project in Finland. The results of the case study demonstrate the feasibility of integrating safety into BIM as an effective and practical method for detecting and eliminating fall-related hazards. Presented are also considerations which explore what impact the developed approach has on safety issues and traditional safety management practices.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th CIB World Building Congress
    Subtitle of host publicationConstruction and Society
    EditorsStephen Kajewski, Karen Manley, Keith Hampson
    Place of PublicationBrisbane
    PublisherQueensland University of Technology
    Number of pages11
    ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9875542-0-8
    ISBN (Print)978-0-9875542-1-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    Event19th CIB World Building Congress, WBC13: Construction and Society - Brisbane, Australia
    Duration: 5 May 20139 May 2013
    Conference number: 19


    Conference19th CIB World Building Congress, WBC13
    Abbreviated titleWBC13


    • building information modeling
    • construction safety
    • design for safety
    • rule checking
    • safety-in-design
    • safety planning and simulation


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