UV-imprinting of single-mode polymeric waveguides

Jussi Hiltunen, M. Wang, Marianne Hiltunen, J. Puustinen, J. Lappalainen, S. Pearce, M. Charlton, Pentti Karioja

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymers are important materials in fabrication of photonics devices due to their good optical properties, such as, high transmittivity, versatile processability also at low temperatures allowing potential for low-cost fabrication. A critical requirement in the fabrication of integrated optical devices has been selecting a most suitable method for patterning the ridge bounding the optical mode in the waveguide. In this paper, we discuss a UV-imprint fabrication of polymeric single-mode waveguides with different configurations: ridge type, inverted rib type and layered composite waveguides. A ridge waveguide type consists of a strip waveguide superimposed onto a slab waveguide made of the same material. When patterning a ridge by imprinting technique, a residual layer is formed underneath the imprinted ridges. A too thick residual layer might cause a loss of propagation mode due to power leakage to the slab guide, which might require a subsequent etching step. In inverted rib waveguide structure, a groove of cladding material is patterned by imprinting. This is followed by the filling of the groove with a core material. From the imprint fabrication point of view, the fabrication tolerances can be relaxed because the residual slab layer underneath the waveguide can have arbitrary thickness. Besides fabrication of above mentioned waveguide structures, we also investigate the possibility to produce composite waveguide devices by depositing inorganic thin films with high-refractive index on UV-imprinted polymeric structures with low-refractive. The purpose to use composite structures is to manipulate the optical field distribution in waveguides.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegrated Photonics
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials, Devices, and Applications
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventIntegrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 18 Apr 201120 Apr 2011

Publication series

SeriesProceedings of SPIE
Volume8069

Conference

ConferenceIntegrated Photonics
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period18/04/1120/04/11

Fingerprint

waveguides
ridges
fabrication
slabs
grooves
composite materials
propagation modes
composite structures
strip
leakage
etching
photonics
refractivity
optical properties
requirements
causes
polymers
thin films
configurations

Keywords

  • Imprinting
  • integrated optics
  • nanoimprinting
  • waveguide

Cite this

Hiltunen, J., Wang, M., Hiltunen, M., Puustinen, J., Lappalainen, J., Pearce, S., ... Karioja, P. (2011). UV-imprinting of single-mode polymeric waveguides. In Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications [80690U] Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.. 8069 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.886782
Hiltunen, Jussi ; Wang, M. ; Hiltunen, Marianne ; Puustinen, J. ; Lappalainen, J. ; Pearce, S. ; Charlton, M. ; Karioja, Pentti. / UV-imprinting of single-mode polymeric waveguides. Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications. 2011. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8069).
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Hiltunen, J, Wang, M, Hiltunen, M, Puustinen, J, Lappalainen, J, Pearce, S, Charlton, M & Karioja, P 2011, UV-imprinting of single-mode polymeric waveguides. in Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications., 80690U, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 8069, Integrated Photonics, Prague, Czech Republic, 18/04/11. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.886782

UV-imprinting of single-mode polymeric waveguides. / Hiltunen, Jussi; Wang, M.; Hiltunen, Marianne; Puustinen, J.; Lappalainen, J.; Pearce, S.; Charlton, M.; Karioja, Pentti.

Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications. 2011. 80690U (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8069).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Hiltunen, Jussi

AU - Wang, M.

AU - Hiltunen, Marianne

AU - Puustinen, J.

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AU - Pearce, S.

AU - Charlton, M.

AU - Karioja, Pentti

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AB - Polymers are important materials in fabrication of photonics devices due to their good optical properties, such as, high transmittivity, versatile processability also at low temperatures allowing potential for low-cost fabrication. A critical requirement in the fabrication of integrated optical devices has been selecting a most suitable method for patterning the ridge bounding the optical mode in the waveguide. In this paper, we discuss a UV-imprint fabrication of polymeric single-mode waveguides with different configurations: ridge type, inverted rib type and layered composite waveguides. A ridge waveguide type consists of a strip waveguide superimposed onto a slab waveguide made of the same material. When patterning a ridge by imprinting technique, a residual layer is formed underneath the imprinted ridges. A too thick residual layer might cause a loss of propagation mode due to power leakage to the slab guide, which might require a subsequent etching step. In inverted rib waveguide structure, a groove of cladding material is patterned by imprinting. This is followed by the filling of the groove with a core material. From the imprint fabrication point of view, the fabrication tolerances can be relaxed because the residual slab layer underneath the waveguide can have arbitrary thickness. Besides fabrication of above mentioned waveguide structures, we also investigate the possibility to produce composite waveguide devices by depositing inorganic thin films with high-refractive index on UV-imprinted polymeric structures with low-refractive. The purpose to use composite structures is to manipulate the optical field distribution in waveguides.

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KW - integrated optics

KW - nanoimprinting

KW - waveguide

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DO - 10.1117/12.886782

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 9780819486585

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

BT - Integrated Photonics

ER -

Hiltunen J, Wang M, Hiltunen M, Puustinen J, Lappalainen J, Pearce S et al. UV-imprinting of single-mode polymeric waveguides. In Integrated Photonics: Materials, Devices, and Applications. 2011. 80690U. (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8069). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.886782