UV light induced surface expansion phenomenon of hybrid glass thin films

Juha Rantala, Ari Kärkkäinen, Jussi Hiltunen, M. Keränen, Terho Kololuoma, Michael Descour

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Liquid-phase deposition of sol-gel method derived hybrid glass materials is utilized for fabrication of UV-light-sensitive thin films. The hybrid glass material undergoes a surface-relief deformation when exposed to UV light. The observed deformation phenomenon is in the form of a physical expansion of the exposed areas. The UV light induced surface expansion of the hybrid glass film was used to fabricate near-sinusoidal diffraction gratings with periods of 24 microm, 18 microm, 12 microm, and 9 microm. The maximum deformation when the material was patterned as a diffraction grating was 0.685 microm. The hybrid glass material features an index of refraction of 1.52 at 632.8 microm, rms surface roughness of 2.2 +/- 0.8 microm after processing, and extinction coefficients of 1.2 x 10-3 microm-1 and 0.47 x 10-3 mm-1 at wavelengths of 633 nm and 1550 nm, respectively.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)682-687
    Number of pages6
    JournalOptics Express
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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