Vacancy cluster growth and thermal recovery in hydrogen-irradiated tungsten

M. Zibrov (Corresponding Author), W. Egger, J. Heikinheimo, M. Mayer, F. Tuomisto

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29 Citations (Scopus)


The thermal evolution of vacancies and vacancy clusters in tungsten (W) has been studied. W (100) single crystals were irradiated with 200 keV hydrogen (H) ions to a low damage level (5.8×10−3 dpa) at 290 K and then annealed at temperatures in the range of 500–1800 K. The resulting defects were characterized by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) and positron annihilation Doppler broadening spectroscopy (DBS). Annealing at 700 K resulted in the formation of clusters containing 10–15 vacancies, while at 800 K and higher temperatures clusters containing about 20 vacancies or more were formed. Reduction of the defect concentration likely accompanied by further coarsening of the clusters started at 1300 K and ended at 1800 K with the complete defect recovery. The determined cluster sizes at 700 K and 800 K were larger than the estimated minimum cluster sizes that are thermally stable at these temperatures, indicating that the migration and ensuing coalescence of small clusters plays an important role in cluster growth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152017
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Positron annihilation
  • Radiation defects
  • Tungsten
  • Vacancies
  • Vacancy clusters


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