Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident

Tellervo Brandt, Ville Lestinen, Timo Toppila, Jukka Kähkönen, Antti Timperi, Timo Pättikangas, Ismo Karppinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, we study a large-break loss of coolant accident (LBLOCA) where a guillotine break of one of the main coolant pipes occurs near the reactor pressure vessel (RPV). This initiates a pressure wave which propagates inside the RPV. The simulation of bidirectional fluid-structure interaction phenomena has been found to be important for accurate prediction of the resulting deformation and loads. In this article, fully coupled simulation results are validated against the German HDR (Heißdampfreaktor) experiments. The computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software Fluent and Star-CD are applied to modeling of three-dimensional, viscous, turbulent fluid flow. The MpCCI code is used for bidirectional coupling of the CFD simulation to the structural solver Abaqus. Pressure boundary condition at the pipe break is obtained in a two-phase simulation with the system code APROS. Comparisons are made for break mass flow, wall pressure, displacement and strain. The simulation results follow the experimental data fairly well. The sensitivity of the results to pressure boundary condition and water temperature is studied. In addition, the necessity of using bidirectional
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publication2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Pages520-527
ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-1786-5, 978-1-4244-1787-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008 - Beijing, China
Duration: 10 Oct 200812 Oct 2008

Conference

Conference2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008
Abbreviated titleASC-ICSC 2008
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period10/10/0812/10/08

Fingerprint

Loss of coolant accidents
Fluid structure interaction
Pressure vessels
Computational fluid dynamics
Pipe
Boundary conditions
Wall flow
Coolants
Stars
Flow of fluids
Computer simulation
Water
Experiments
Temperature

Cite this

Brandt, T., Lestinen, V., Toppila, T., Kähkönen, J., Timperi, A., Pättikangas, T., & Karppinen, I. (2008). Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident. In Proceedings: 2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008 (pp. 520-527). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675416
Brandt, Tellervo ; Lestinen, Ville ; Toppila, Timo ; Kähkönen, Jukka ; Timperi, Antti ; Pättikangas, Timo ; Karppinen, Ismo. / Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident. Proceedings: 2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2008. pp. 520-527
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title = "Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident",
abstract = "In this article, we study a large-break loss of coolant accident (LBLOCA) where a guillotine break of one of the main coolant pipes occurs near the reactor pressure vessel (RPV). This initiates a pressure wave which propagates inside the RPV. The simulation of bidirectional fluid-structure interaction phenomena has been found to be important for accurate prediction of the resulting deformation and loads. In this article, fully coupled simulation results are validated against the German HDR (Hei{\ss}dampfreaktor) experiments. The computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software Fluent and Star-CD are applied to modeling of three-dimensional, viscous, turbulent fluid flow. The MpCCI code is used for bidirectional coupling of the CFD simulation to the structural solver Abaqus. Pressure boundary condition at the pipe break is obtained in a two-phase simulation with the system code APROS. Comparisons are made for break mass flow, wall pressure, displacement and strain. The simulation results follow the experimental data fairly well. The sensitivity of the results to pressure boundary condition and water temperature is studied. In addition, the necessity of using bidirectional",
author = "Tellervo Brandt and Ville Lestinen and Timo Toppila and Jukka K{\"a}hk{\"o}nen and Antti Timperi and Timo P{\"a}ttikangas and Ismo Karppinen",
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doi = "10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675416",
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Brandt, T, Lestinen, V, Toppila, T, Kähkönen, J, Timperi, A, Pättikangas, T & Karppinen, I 2008, Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident. in Proceedings: 2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , pp. 520-527, 2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008, Beijing, China, 10/10/08. https://doi.org/10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675416

Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident. / Brandt, Tellervo; Lestinen, Ville; Toppila, Timo; Kähkönen, Jukka; Timperi, Antti; Pättikangas, Timo; Karppinen, Ismo.

Proceedings: 2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2008. p. 520-527.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident

AU - Brandt, Tellervo

AU - Lestinen, Ville

AU - Toppila, Timo

AU - Kähkönen, Jukka

AU - Timperi, Antti

AU - Pättikangas, Timo

AU - Karppinen, Ismo

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N2 - In this article, we study a large-break loss of coolant accident (LBLOCA) where a guillotine break of one of the main coolant pipes occurs near the reactor pressure vessel (RPV). This initiates a pressure wave which propagates inside the RPV. The simulation of bidirectional fluid-structure interaction phenomena has been found to be important for accurate prediction of the resulting deformation and loads. In this article, fully coupled simulation results are validated against the German HDR (Heißdampfreaktor) experiments. The computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software Fluent and Star-CD are applied to modeling of three-dimensional, viscous, turbulent fluid flow. The MpCCI code is used for bidirectional coupling of the CFD simulation to the structural solver Abaqus. Pressure boundary condition at the pipe break is obtained in a two-phase simulation with the system code APROS. Comparisons are made for break mass flow, wall pressure, displacement and strain. The simulation results follow the experimental data fairly well. The sensitivity of the results to pressure boundary condition and water temperature is studied. In addition, the necessity of using bidirectional

AB - In this article, we study a large-break loss of coolant accident (LBLOCA) where a guillotine break of one of the main coolant pipes occurs near the reactor pressure vessel (RPV). This initiates a pressure wave which propagates inside the RPV. The simulation of bidirectional fluid-structure interaction phenomena has been found to be important for accurate prediction of the resulting deformation and loads. In this article, fully coupled simulation results are validated against the German HDR (Heißdampfreaktor) experiments. The computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software Fluent and Star-CD are applied to modeling of three-dimensional, viscous, turbulent fluid flow. The MpCCI code is used for bidirectional coupling of the CFD simulation to the structural solver Abaqus. Pressure boundary condition at the pipe break is obtained in a two-phase simulation with the system code APROS. Comparisons are made for break mass flow, wall pressure, displacement and strain. The simulation results follow the experimental data fairly well. The sensitivity of the results to pressure boundary condition and water temperature is studied. In addition, the necessity of using bidirectional

U2 - 10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675416

DO - 10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675416

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-1-4244-1786-5

SN - 978-1-4244-1787-2

SP - 520

EP - 527

BT - Proceedings

PB - IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

ER -

Brandt T, Lestinen V, Toppila T, Kähkönen J, Timperi A, Pättikangas T et al. Validation of fluid-structure interaction simulation environment in analysis of large-break loss of coolant accident. In Proceedings: 2008 Asia Simulation Conference - 7th International Conference on System Simulation and Scientific Computing, ASC-ICSC 2008. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2008. p. 520-527 https://doi.org/10.1109/ASC-ICSC.2008.4675416