Lignocellulosic crops like kenaf, flax and hemp have been extensively studied the last years with the help of new technology and many new products fabricated with them are ready for the market or have already been marketed. Both the core material and the bast fibers of these crops are ideal feedstocks for the production of yarns and paper of high quality, for rendering flame retardant properties to composites reinforced with them, for the production of energy via a sustainable way without polluting the environment and for use as alternative materials to wood for the manufacturing of panels like particleboards and fiber boards (MDF, HDF, etc.). The investigation of lignocellulosic feedstock as potential source for the sustainable production of materials, products and energy has resulted in promising solutions for the successful replacement of their counterparts made from fossil raw materials. However, the related industries still have some challenges to face, like the cost of materials from lignocellulosic plants in comparison with those derived from fossil sources and the availability of the feedstock throughout the year.
- value-added products