This study analyses electronic service (e-service) adoption in regards to socio-spatial dynamics. Conceptually the paper focuses on the interrelations of both private and public e-services and on the influence that demographic variables have on e-service adoption. To empirically engage in this discussion the study uses segmented residential areas representing different socio-spatial characteristics; namely ‘city center’, ‘high-income suburban’ area, and ‘lower-income suburban’ area. With data from an extensive postal survey and standard statistical methods for analyzing survey data the paper shows the extent of existing differentiation in e-service use between genders and according to age, education and income, as well as spatial differences between the studied residential areas. The study results, thus, clearly indicate that the e-service use has still statistically differentiated user profiles, particularly if it is considered in a spatial setting. The paper concludes by addressing directions for the future research.
- demographic differences
- electronic governance
- electronic services
- socio-spatial differences
Inkinen, T., Merisalo, M., & Makkonen, T. (2018). Variations in the adoption and willingness to use e-services in three differentiated urban areas. European Planning Studies, 26(5), 950-968. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2018.1448756