Vibrations in buildings induced by thermal cracking of lake ice

Lasse Makkonen, Jouko Törnqvist, Juha Kuutti

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Cooling and warming of lake ice induces thermal cracking. On lakes with large open areas the cracking induced shock waves in the ice may involve a lot of energy and eventually advance to the shore.
    We demonstrate that with certain type of shoreline, geomorphology and soil properties these shock waves proceed in the soil to the extent that they cause vibrations of high-raised buildings near shore. Measurements of vibrations assumed to be initiated this way were made in buildings in the IAHR - Ice Symposium host town Lahti.
    It is shown here that the occurrence of the measured vibrations can be correlated with rapid cooling and warming periods when snow-free ice exists on lake Vesijärvi.
    A simple statistical model is presented for prediction of the vibration risk by meteorological data, and the frequency of the problem is analyzed by this model.
    A finite-element model of the initiation and progress of the ice-induced vibrations is also made and used to demonstrate the phenomenon.
    An experimental method to determine the location of the cracking is demonstrated
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of 20th IAHR International Symposium on Ice
    PublisherUniversity of Helsinki
    Pages501-511
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)978-9-5210-5979-7, 978-1-6299-3395-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event20th IAHR International Symposium on Ice 2010 - Lahti, Finland
    Duration: 14 Jun 201017 Jun 2010

    Conference

    Conference20th IAHR International Symposium on Ice 2010
    CountryFinland
    CityLahti
    Period14/06/1017/06/10

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  • Cite this

    Makkonen, L., Törnqvist, J., & Kuutti, J. (2010). Vibrations in buildings induced by thermal cracking of lake ice. In Proceedings of 20th IAHR International Symposium on Ice (Vol. 1, pp. 501-511). University of Helsinki. http://www.riverice.ca/IAHR%20Proc/20th%20Ice%20Symp%20Lahti%202010/Papers/060_Makkonen.pdf