Visualization of Fast Ion Phase-Space Flow Driven by Alfvén Instabilities

X. D. Du, M. A. Van Zeeland, W. W. Heidbrink, J. Gonzalez-Martin, K. Särkimäki, A. Snicker, D. Lin, C. S. Collins, M. E. Austin, G. R. McKee, Z. Yan, Y. Todo, W. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Fast ion phase-space flow, driven by Alfvén eigenmodes (AEs), is measured by an imaging neutral particle analyzer in the DIII-D tokamak. The flow firstly appears near the minimum safety factor at the injection energy of neutral beams, and then moves radially inward and outward by gaining and losing energy, respectively. The flow trajectories in phase space align well with the intersection lines of the constant magnetic moment surfaces and constant E-(ω/n)Pζ surfaces, where E, Pζ are the energy and canonical toroidal momentum of ions; ω and n are angular frequencies and toroidal mode numbers of AEs. It is found that the flow is so destructive that the thermalization of fast ions is no longer observed in regions of strong interaction. The measured phase-space flow is consistent with nonlinear hybrid kinetic-magnetohydrodynamics simulation. Calculations of the relatively narrow phase-space islands reveal that fast ions must transition between different flow trajectories to experience large-scale phase-space transport.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA199
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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