Wall effects on space averaged two-fluid model equations for simulations of gas-solid flows in risers

S. Shah (Corresponding Author), J. Ritvanen, T. Hyppänen, Sirpa Kallio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


For the study of gas–solid flows in a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser, the model based on the Eulerian description of phases is widely used. Such a description requires the usage of a fine mesh and a short time step in the numerical simulations. Due to the constraint of long calculation times with fine meshes, it becomes practical to simulate the gas–solid flow in a CFB riser with coarse meshes. This work is the continuation of formulating the subgrid-scale models for the space averaged two-fluid model equations which can be used in coarse mesh simulations of gas–solid flows in risers. In this study, the vertical component of the drag force and the convective term are analyzed and their dependence on the averaging size and solid volume fraction with the distance from the wall is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-215
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • Circulating fluidized bed
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Space averaging
  • Subgrid-scale models
  • Two-fluid model
  • Wall effects

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