Waterwall damage by fast internal oxidation of boiler tubes

Anu Lokkiluoto, Juha Viuhko, Pertti Auerkari, Sanni Yli-Olli

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


    Recurring waterwall leaks have been observed in a coal-fired boiler where subsequent inspections have shown through-wall internal oxidation, mostly at butt welds of 16Mo3 boiler tubes. In several cases the oxide had retained a thick pit plug even after local penetration of the tube wall. The original initiation site is no longer visible as it was removed by oxidation, but away from the most severe damage the internal oxidation appears to have initiated immediately downstream after a protruding weld root. This location, estimated oxidation rate and oxide appearance suggest that the mechanism is related to locally intensive heating in addition to flow turbulence. In the damage history of the same boiler wall, the first comparable leaks were recorded at shop welds with strongly protruding root shape, presumably inducing particularly strongly turbulent flow, and even then only after long term service. The most recent failures, however, occurred at normal repair welds or even within parent material, and after much shorter time in service. The characteristic features and causative factors of the tube failures are discussed in the paper, based on the available evidence and experience from operation and maintenance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBaltica X
    Subtitle of host publicationInternational Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
    EditorsPertti Auerkari
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-8436-9, 978-951-38-8435-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventBALTICA X - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants - Cruise, Helsinki-Stockholm, Finland
    Duration: 7 Jun 20169 Jun 2016

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Technology


    ConferenceBALTICA X - International Conference on Life Management and Maintenance for Power Plants
    Abbreviated titleBaltica X


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