Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80

Pekka Nevasmaa, Mark Cederberg, Martti Vilpas

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    The report gives and briefly discusses the test results obtained in welding and weldability tests of an accelerated-cooled pipe-line steel AcC X80. The tests comprised of mechanical testing of joints welded with arc energies ranging from 15 to 50 kJ/cm using SAW and FCAW processes. Also the results of weld thermal simulation and Implant weldability tests for the steel are reported and discussed. The results demonstrate the improved weldability of the AcC X80 steel, as compared to conventional normalized or QT steels of similar strength level. Even in heavily restrained butt-welded joints representing the most severe conditions in pipe-line field welding, welding without preheat was possible up to 15 and 25 mm plate thickness using arc energies of 10 and 22 kJ/cm, respectively. Provided that re-dried low-hydrogen consumables were used, no weld metal cracking was observed in the heat input range studied in this X80 class although welding was performed without preheat. In the majority of cases, all the welded joints failed to meet the toughness requirement (40 J/-40°C) all through the arc energy range from 15 to 50 kJ/cm. Adequate HAZ impact toughness was obtained only in one of the joints welded with a low arc energy of 15 kJ/cm. Weld metal toughness was acceptable, although a decrease in toughness was evident towards higher heat inputs. Surprisingly, the use of 0.4% Mo-Ti-B-alloyed SAW-filler material with an arc energy of 50 kJ/cm led to a drastic degradation in toughness of the two-pass weld metal. Any clear relationship between HAZ toughness and arc energy could not be derived owing to the anomalous low HAZ impact energy values through the whole arc energy range studied. Also the Charpy-V tests of simulated HAZ confirmed a deterioration in HAZ toughness at -40°C through the whole cooling time range t<MV%0>8/5<D> of 12 to 52 sec. However, Charpy-V test data from real HAZ suggested that some improvement could be expected at higher temperatures of -20°C, when limiting the maximum allowable heat input below 15 kJ/cm.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages40
    ISBN (Print)951-38-4307-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1992
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
    Number1413
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Weldability
    High strength steel
    Welds
    Toughness
    Welding
    Steel
    Flux-cored arc welding (FCAW)
    Metals
    Pipe
    Mechanical testing
    Heat affected zone
    Deterioration
    Fillers
    Fracture toughness
    Cooling
    Degradation
    Hydrogen
    Hot Temperature

    Keywords

    • welded joints
    • butt welds
    • high strength steels
    • thermochemical treatment
    • weldability
    • arc seam welds
    • arc welding
    • toughness
    • impact strength
    • mechanical properties

    Cite this

    Nevasmaa, P., Cederberg, M., & Vilpas, M. (1992). Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 1413
    Nevasmaa, Pekka ; Cederberg, Mark ; Vilpas, Martti. / Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992. 40 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1413).
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    Nevasmaa, P, Cederberg, M & Vilpas, M 1992, Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 1413, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80. / Nevasmaa, Pekka; Cederberg, Mark; Vilpas, Martti.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992. 40 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1413).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80

    AU - Nevasmaa, Pekka

    AU - Cederberg, Mark

    AU - Vilpas, Martti

    PY - 1992

    Y1 - 1992

    N2 - The report gives and briefly discusses the test results obtained in welding and weldability tests of an accelerated-cooled pipe-line steel AcC X80. The tests comprised of mechanical testing of joints welded with arc energies ranging from 15 to 50 kJ/cm using SAW and FCAW processes. Also the results of weld thermal simulation and Implant weldability tests for the steel are reported and discussed. The results demonstrate the improved weldability of the AcC X80 steel, as compared to conventional normalized or QT steels of similar strength level. Even in heavily restrained butt-welded joints representing the most severe conditions in pipe-line field welding, welding without preheat was possible up to 15 and 25 mm plate thickness using arc energies of 10 and 22 kJ/cm, respectively. Provided that re-dried low-hydrogen consumables were used, no weld metal cracking was observed in the heat input range studied in this X80 class although welding was performed without preheat. In the majority of cases, all the welded joints failed to meet the toughness requirement (40 J/-40°C) all through the arc energy range from 15 to 50 kJ/cm. Adequate HAZ impact toughness was obtained only in one of the joints welded with a low arc energy of 15 kJ/cm. Weld metal toughness was acceptable, although a decrease in toughness was evident towards higher heat inputs. Surprisingly, the use of 0.4% Mo-Ti-B-alloyed SAW-filler material with an arc energy of 50 kJ/cm led to a drastic degradation in toughness of the two-pass weld metal. Any clear relationship between HAZ toughness and arc energy could not be derived owing to the anomalous low HAZ impact energy values through the whole arc energy range studied. Also the Charpy-V tests of simulated HAZ confirmed a deterioration in HAZ toughness at -40°C through the whole cooling time range t<MV%0>8/5<D> of 12 to 52 sec. However, Charpy-V test data from real HAZ suggested that some improvement could be expected at higher temperatures of -20°C, when limiting the maximum allowable heat input below 15 kJ/cm.

    AB - The report gives and briefly discusses the test results obtained in welding and weldability tests of an accelerated-cooled pipe-line steel AcC X80. The tests comprised of mechanical testing of joints welded with arc energies ranging from 15 to 50 kJ/cm using SAW and FCAW processes. Also the results of weld thermal simulation and Implant weldability tests for the steel are reported and discussed. The results demonstrate the improved weldability of the AcC X80 steel, as compared to conventional normalized or QT steels of similar strength level. Even in heavily restrained butt-welded joints representing the most severe conditions in pipe-line field welding, welding without preheat was possible up to 15 and 25 mm plate thickness using arc energies of 10 and 22 kJ/cm, respectively. Provided that re-dried low-hydrogen consumables were used, no weld metal cracking was observed in the heat input range studied in this X80 class although welding was performed without preheat. In the majority of cases, all the welded joints failed to meet the toughness requirement (40 J/-40°C) all through the arc energy range from 15 to 50 kJ/cm. Adequate HAZ impact toughness was obtained only in one of the joints welded with a low arc energy of 15 kJ/cm. Weld metal toughness was acceptable, although a decrease in toughness was evident towards higher heat inputs. Surprisingly, the use of 0.4% Mo-Ti-B-alloyed SAW-filler material with an arc energy of 50 kJ/cm led to a drastic degradation in toughness of the two-pass weld metal. Any clear relationship between HAZ toughness and arc energy could not be derived owing to the anomalous low HAZ impact energy values through the whole arc energy range studied. Also the Charpy-V tests of simulated HAZ confirmed a deterioration in HAZ toughness at -40°C through the whole cooling time range t<MV%0>8/5<D> of 12 to 52 sec. However, Charpy-V test data from real HAZ suggested that some improvement could be expected at higher temperatures of -20°C, when limiting the maximum allowable heat input below 15 kJ/cm.

    KW - welded joints

    KW - butt welds

    KW - high strength steels

    KW - thermochemical treatment

    KW - weldability

    KW - arc seam welds

    KW - arc welding

    KW - toughness

    KW - impact strength

    KW - mechanical properties

    M3 - Report

    SN - 951-38-4307-6

    T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

    BT - Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Nevasmaa P, Cederberg M, Vilpas M. Weldability of accelerated-cooled (AcC) high strength TMCP steel X80. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992. 40 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 1413).