Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas

Johanna Kihlman (Corresponding Author), Noora Kaisalo, Mari-Leena Koskinen-Soivi, Pekka Simell, Marita Niemelä, Juha Lehtonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Whisker carbon formation in the steam reforming of biomass gasification gas was studied in a laboratory scale reactor using two commercial nickel catalysts, precious metal catalyst and inert materials. The synthetic feed gas contained ethylene, tar model compounds and H2S as impurities. Whisker carbon was formed below the reaction temperature of 700 °C on an calcium-doped nickel catalyst and below 850 °C on an undoped nickel catalyst when the feed gas contained no sulfur. With the addition of more than 50 ppmv of H2S in the feed gas, the whisker carbon formation was inhibited. Thermodynamic calculations were carried out to estimate the upper limit temperature for the whisker carbon formation but the calculations did not correlate well with the experimental results. One of the probable explanations for this was the high concentration of unsaturated C2+ hydrocarbons in the feed gas.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)133-141
    Number of pages9
    JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
    Volume564
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2018
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Catalytic reforming
    Steam reforming
    Gasification
    Biomass
    Carbon
    Gases
    Nickel
    Catalysts
    Tars
    Tar
    Precious metals
    Hydrocarbons
    Sulfur
    Calcium
    Ethylene
    Thermodynamics
    Impurities
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • Biomass gasification
    • Nickel catalyst
    • Steam reforming
    • Sulfur
    • Tar
    • Whisker carbon

    Cite this

    Kihlman, Johanna ; Kaisalo, Noora ; Koskinen-Soivi, Mari-Leena ; Simell, Pekka ; Niemelä, Marita ; Lehtonen, Juha. / Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas. In: Applied Catalysis A: General. 2018 ; Vol. 564. pp. 133-141.
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    abstract = "Whisker carbon formation in the steam reforming of biomass gasification gas was studied in a laboratory scale reactor using two commercial nickel catalysts, precious metal catalyst and inert materials. The synthetic feed gas contained ethylene, tar model compounds and H2S as impurities. Whisker carbon was formed below the reaction temperature of 700 °C on an calcium-doped nickel catalyst and below 850 °C on an undoped nickel catalyst when the feed gas contained no sulfur. With the addition of more than 50 ppmv of H2S in the feed gas, the whisker carbon formation was inhibited. Thermodynamic calculations were carried out to estimate the upper limit temperature for the whisker carbon formation but the calculations did not correlate well with the experimental results. One of the probable explanations for this was the high concentration of unsaturated C2+ hydrocarbons in the feed gas.",
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    Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas. / Kihlman, Johanna (Corresponding Author); Kaisalo, Noora; Koskinen-Soivi, Mari-Leena; Simell, Pekka; Niemelä, Marita; Lehtonen, Juha.

    In: Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 564, 25.08.2018, p. 133-141.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Kihlman, Johanna

    AU - Kaisalo, Noora

    AU - Koskinen-Soivi, Mari-Leena

    AU - Simell, Pekka

    AU - Niemelä, Marita

    AU - Lehtonen, Juha

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    AB - Whisker carbon formation in the steam reforming of biomass gasification gas was studied in a laboratory scale reactor using two commercial nickel catalysts, precious metal catalyst and inert materials. The synthetic feed gas contained ethylene, tar model compounds and H2S as impurities. Whisker carbon was formed below the reaction temperature of 700 °C on an calcium-doped nickel catalyst and below 850 °C on an undoped nickel catalyst when the feed gas contained no sulfur. With the addition of more than 50 ppmv of H2S in the feed gas, the whisker carbon formation was inhibited. Thermodynamic calculations were carried out to estimate the upper limit temperature for the whisker carbon formation but the calculations did not correlate well with the experimental results. One of the probable explanations for this was the high concentration of unsaturated C2+ hydrocarbons in the feed gas.

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    KW - Sulfur

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