Wind power within European grid codes

Evolution, status and outlook

Til Kristian Vrana, Damian Flynn, Emilio Gomez-Lazaro, Juha Kiviluoma, Davy Marcel, Nicolaos Cutululis, J. Charles Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grid codes are technical specifications that define the requirements for any facility connected to electricity grids. Wind power plants are increasingly facing system stability support requirements similar to conventional power stations, which is to some extent unavoidable, as the share of wind power in the generation mix is growing. The adaptation process of grid codes for wind power plants is not yet complete, and grid codes are expected to evolve further in the future. ENTSO-E is the umbrella organization for European TSOs, seen by many as a leader in terms of requirements sophistication. A current development by ENTSO-E aims to develop a uniform grid code framework for Europe. The new European codes leave many key aspects unspecified, referring instead to regulation by the relevant TSO, but they do provide a positive and encouraging step in the right direction. The present document is largely based on the definitions and provisions set out by ENTSO-E. The main European grid code requirements are outlined here, including also HVDC connections and DC-connected power park modules. The focus is on requirements that are considered particularly relevant for large wind power plants. Afterwards, an outlook and discussion on possible future requirements is provided. This review has been written by members of IEA Wind Task 25, but it does not represent an official viewpoint of the IEA. This article is categorized under: Wind Power > Systems and Infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere285
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

wind power
Wind power
power plant
Power plants
System stability
Electricity
code
electricity
Specifications
infrastructure

Keywords

  • ENTSO-E
  • grid codes
  • requirements for grid connection
  • wind power plants

Cite this

Vrana, Til Kristian ; Flynn, Damian ; Gomez-Lazaro, Emilio ; Kiviluoma, Juha ; Marcel, Davy ; Cutululis, Nicolaos ; Smith, J. Charles. / Wind power within European grid codes : Evolution, status and outlook. In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment. 2018 ; Vol. 7, No. 3.
@article{37c3c273d8be44c6990612e1b9646279,
title = "Wind power within European grid codes: Evolution, status and outlook",
abstract = "Grid codes are technical specifications that define the requirements for any facility connected to electricity grids. Wind power plants are increasingly facing system stability support requirements similar to conventional power stations, which is to some extent unavoidable, as the share of wind power in the generation mix is growing. The adaptation process of grid codes for wind power plants is not yet complete, and grid codes are expected to evolve further in the future. ENTSO-E is the umbrella organization for European TSOs, seen by many as a leader in terms of requirements sophistication. A current development by ENTSO-E aims to develop a uniform grid code framework for Europe. The new European codes leave many key aspects unspecified, referring instead to regulation by the relevant TSO, but they do provide a positive and encouraging step in the right direction. The present document is largely based on the definitions and provisions set out by ENTSO-E. The main European grid code requirements are outlined here, including also HVDC connections and DC-connected power park modules. The focus is on requirements that are considered particularly relevant for large wind power plants. Afterwards, an outlook and discussion on possible future requirements is provided. This review has been written by members of IEA Wind Task 25, but it does not represent an official viewpoint of the IEA. This article is categorized under: Wind Power > Systems and Infrastructure.",
keywords = "ENTSO-E, grid codes, requirements for grid connection, wind power plants",
author = "Vrana, {Til Kristian} and Damian Flynn and Emilio Gomez-Lazaro and Juha Kiviluoma and Davy Marcel and Nicolaos Cutululis and Smith, {J. Charles}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/wene.285",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment",
issn = "2041-8396",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "3",

}

Wind power within European grid codes : Evolution, status and outlook. / Vrana, Til Kristian; Flynn, Damian; Gomez-Lazaro, Emilio; Kiviluoma, Juha; Marcel, Davy; Cutululis, Nicolaos; Smith, J. Charles.

In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, Vol. 7, No. 3, e285, 01.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wind power within European grid codes

T2 - Evolution, status and outlook

AU - Vrana, Til Kristian

AU - Flynn, Damian

AU - Gomez-Lazaro, Emilio

AU - Kiviluoma, Juha

AU - Marcel, Davy

AU - Cutululis, Nicolaos

AU - Smith, J. Charles

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Grid codes are technical specifications that define the requirements for any facility connected to electricity grids. Wind power plants are increasingly facing system stability support requirements similar to conventional power stations, which is to some extent unavoidable, as the share of wind power in the generation mix is growing. The adaptation process of grid codes for wind power plants is not yet complete, and grid codes are expected to evolve further in the future. ENTSO-E is the umbrella organization for European TSOs, seen by many as a leader in terms of requirements sophistication. A current development by ENTSO-E aims to develop a uniform grid code framework for Europe. The new European codes leave many key aspects unspecified, referring instead to regulation by the relevant TSO, but they do provide a positive and encouraging step in the right direction. The present document is largely based on the definitions and provisions set out by ENTSO-E. The main European grid code requirements are outlined here, including also HVDC connections and DC-connected power park modules. The focus is on requirements that are considered particularly relevant for large wind power plants. Afterwards, an outlook and discussion on possible future requirements is provided. This review has been written by members of IEA Wind Task 25, but it does not represent an official viewpoint of the IEA. This article is categorized under: Wind Power > Systems and Infrastructure.

AB - Grid codes are technical specifications that define the requirements for any facility connected to electricity grids. Wind power plants are increasingly facing system stability support requirements similar to conventional power stations, which is to some extent unavoidable, as the share of wind power in the generation mix is growing. The adaptation process of grid codes for wind power plants is not yet complete, and grid codes are expected to evolve further in the future. ENTSO-E is the umbrella organization for European TSOs, seen by many as a leader in terms of requirements sophistication. A current development by ENTSO-E aims to develop a uniform grid code framework for Europe. The new European codes leave many key aspects unspecified, referring instead to regulation by the relevant TSO, but they do provide a positive and encouraging step in the right direction. The present document is largely based on the definitions and provisions set out by ENTSO-E. The main European grid code requirements are outlined here, including also HVDC connections and DC-connected power park modules. The focus is on requirements that are considered particularly relevant for large wind power plants. Afterwards, an outlook and discussion on possible future requirements is provided. This review has been written by members of IEA Wind Task 25, but it does not represent an official viewpoint of the IEA. This article is categorized under: Wind Power > Systems and Infrastructure.

KW - ENTSO-E

KW - grid codes

KW - requirements for grid connection

KW - wind power plants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046073333&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/wene.285

DO - 10.1002/wene.285

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment

JF - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment

SN - 2041-8396

IS - 3

M1 - e285

ER -