Wood-derived olefins by steam cracking of hydrodeoxygenated tall oils

S.P. Pyl, T. Dijkmans, Jinto Manjaly Anthonykutty, M.-F. Reyniers, Ali Harlin, K.M. Van Geem (Corresponding Author), G.B. Marin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tall oil fractions obtained from Norwegian spruce pulping were hydrodeoxygenated (HDO) at pilot scale using a commercial NiMo hydrotreating catalyst. Comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) showed that HDO of both tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) and distilled tall oil (DTO) produced highly paraffinic hydrocarbon liquids. The hydrotreated fractions also contained fatty acid methyl esters and norabietane and norabietatriene isomers. Steam cracking of HDO–TOFA in a pilot plant revealed that high light olefin yields can be obtained, with 35.4 wt.% of ethene and 18.2 wt.% of propene at a coil outlet pressure (COP) of 1.7 bara, a dilution of 0.45 kgsteam/kgHDO–TOFA and a coil outlet temperature (COT) of 820 °C. A pilot plant coking experiment indicated that cracking of HDO–TOFA at a COT of 850 °C results in limited fouling in the reactor. Co-cracking of HDO tall oil fractions with a typical fossil-based naphtha showed improved selectivity to desired light olefins, further demonstrating the potential of large scale olefin production from hydrotreated tall oil fractions in conventional crackers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Tall oil
Steam cracking
Alkenes
Olefins
Wood
oil
Pilot plants
Fatty acids
Fatty Acids
fatty acid
Naphthas
Coking
Hydrocarbons
Fouling
fouling
Isomers
Gas chromatography
ethylene
Dilution
ester

Keywords

  • biomass
  • HDO
  • olefins
  • steam cracking
  • tall oil

Cite this

Pyl, S. P., Dijkmans, T., Manjaly Anthonykutty, J., Reyniers, M-F., Harlin, A., Van Geem, K. M., & Marin, G. B. (2012). Wood-derived olefins by steam cracking of hydrodeoxygenated tall oils. Bioresource Technology, 126, 48-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.037
Pyl, S.P. ; Dijkmans, T. ; Manjaly Anthonykutty, Jinto ; Reyniers, M.-F. ; Harlin, Ali ; Van Geem, K.M. ; Marin, G.B. / Wood-derived olefins by steam cracking of hydrodeoxygenated tall oils. In: Bioresource Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 126. pp. 48-55.
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abstract = "Tall oil fractions obtained from Norwegian spruce pulping were hydrodeoxygenated (HDO) at pilot scale using a commercial NiMo hydrotreating catalyst. Comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) showed that HDO of both tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) and distilled tall oil (DTO) produced highly paraffinic hydrocarbon liquids. The hydrotreated fractions also contained fatty acid methyl esters and norabietane and norabietatriene isomers. Steam cracking of HDO–TOFA in a pilot plant revealed that high light olefin yields can be obtained, with 35.4 wt.{\%} of ethene and 18.2 wt.{\%} of propene at a coil outlet pressure (COP) of 1.7 bara, a dilution of 0.45 kgsteam/kgHDO–TOFA and a coil outlet temperature (COT) of 820 °C. A pilot plant coking experiment indicated that cracking of HDO–TOFA at a COT of 850 °C results in limited fouling in the reactor. Co-cracking of HDO tall oil fractions with a typical fossil-based naphtha showed improved selectivity to desired light olefins, further demonstrating the potential of large scale olefin production from hydrotreated tall oil fractions in conventional crackers.",
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author = "S.P. Pyl and T. Dijkmans and {Manjaly Anthonykutty}, Jinto and M.-F. Reyniers and Ali Harlin and {Van Geem}, K.M. and G.B. Marin",
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Pyl, SP, Dijkmans, T, Manjaly Anthonykutty, J, Reyniers, M-F, Harlin, A, Van Geem, KM & Marin, GB 2012, 'Wood-derived olefins by steam cracking of hydrodeoxygenated tall oils', Bioresource Technology, vol. 126, pp. 48-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.037

Wood-derived olefins by steam cracking of hydrodeoxygenated tall oils. / Pyl, S.P.; Dijkmans, T.; Manjaly Anthonykutty, Jinto; Reyniers, M.-F.; Harlin, Ali; Van Geem, K.M. (Corresponding Author); Marin, G.B.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 126, 2012, p. 48-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wood-derived olefins by steam cracking of hydrodeoxygenated tall oils

AU - Pyl, S.P.

AU - Dijkmans, T.

AU - Manjaly Anthonykutty, Jinto

AU - Reyniers, M.-F.

AU - Harlin, Ali

AU - Van Geem, K.M.

AU - Marin, G.B.

N1 - Project code: 82227

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Tall oil fractions obtained from Norwegian spruce pulping were hydrodeoxygenated (HDO) at pilot scale using a commercial NiMo hydrotreating catalyst. Comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) showed that HDO of both tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) and distilled tall oil (DTO) produced highly paraffinic hydrocarbon liquids. The hydrotreated fractions also contained fatty acid methyl esters and norabietane and norabietatriene isomers. Steam cracking of HDO–TOFA in a pilot plant revealed that high light olefin yields can be obtained, with 35.4 wt.% of ethene and 18.2 wt.% of propene at a coil outlet pressure (COP) of 1.7 bara, a dilution of 0.45 kgsteam/kgHDO–TOFA and a coil outlet temperature (COT) of 820 °C. A pilot plant coking experiment indicated that cracking of HDO–TOFA at a COT of 850 °C results in limited fouling in the reactor. Co-cracking of HDO tall oil fractions with a typical fossil-based naphtha showed improved selectivity to desired light olefins, further demonstrating the potential of large scale olefin production from hydrotreated tall oil fractions in conventional crackers.

AB - Tall oil fractions obtained from Norwegian spruce pulping were hydrodeoxygenated (HDO) at pilot scale using a commercial NiMo hydrotreating catalyst. Comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) showed that HDO of both tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) and distilled tall oil (DTO) produced highly paraffinic hydrocarbon liquids. The hydrotreated fractions also contained fatty acid methyl esters and norabietane and norabietatriene isomers. Steam cracking of HDO–TOFA in a pilot plant revealed that high light olefin yields can be obtained, with 35.4 wt.% of ethene and 18.2 wt.% of propene at a coil outlet pressure (COP) of 1.7 bara, a dilution of 0.45 kgsteam/kgHDO–TOFA and a coil outlet temperature (COT) of 820 °C. A pilot plant coking experiment indicated that cracking of HDO–TOFA at a COT of 850 °C results in limited fouling in the reactor. Co-cracking of HDO tall oil fractions with a typical fossil-based naphtha showed improved selectivity to desired light olefins, further demonstrating the potential of large scale olefin production from hydrotreated tall oil fractions in conventional crackers.

KW - biomass

KW - HDO

KW - olefins

KW - steam cracking

KW - tall oil

U2 - 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.037

DO - 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.09.037

M3 - Article

VL - 126

SP - 48

EP - 55

JO - Bioresource Technology

JF - Bioresource Technology

SN - 0960-8524

ER -