Wood Energy 1999-2003: A new national technology programme in Finland

Satu Helynen, Pentti Hakkila, Ismo Nousiainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)46 - 53
    Number of pages8
    JournalNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
    Issue number1/2
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • biomass
    • bioenergy
    • biofuels
    • wood fuels
    • energy production
    • combustion
    • research programmes
    • forest chips
    • logging residues
    • chipping
    • costs
    • quality


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