Wood Energy 1999-2003: A new national technology programme in Finland

Satu Helynen, Pentti Hakkila, Ismo Nousiainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)46 - 53
    Number of pages8
    JournalNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
    Volume30
    Issue number1/2
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Finland
    Wood
    energy
    wood residues
    wood chips
    thinning (plants)
    forest products industry
    thinning
    sawmills
    Sawmills
    sawdust
    salvaging
    Costs
    Salvaging
    Sawdust
    cost
    production costs
    logging
    quality control
    Timber

    Keywords

    • biomass
    • bioenergy
    • biofuels
    • wood fuels
    • energy production
    • combustion
    • research programmes
    • forest chips
    • logging residues
    • chipping
    • costs
    • quality

    Cite this

    Helynen, Satu ; Hakkila, Pentti ; Nousiainen, Ismo. / Wood Energy 1999-2003 : A new national technology programme in Finland. In: New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. 2000 ; Vol. 30, No. 1/2. pp. 46 - 53.
    @article{4de9791a6c5c4b6aade199b01bdcdebd,
    title = "Wood Energy 1999-2003: A new national technology programme in Finland",
    abstract = "A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.",
    keywords = "biomass, bioenergy, biofuels, wood fuels, energy production, combustion, research programmes, forest chips, logging residues, chipping, costs, quality",
    author = "Satu Helynen and Pentti Hakkila and Ismo Nousiainen",
    note = "Project code: N9SU00315",
    year = "2000",
    language = "English",
    volume = "30",
    pages = "46 -- 53",
    journal = "New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science",
    issn = "0048-0134",
    publisher = "Springer",
    number = "1/2",

    }

    Wood Energy 1999-2003 : A new national technology programme in Finland. / Helynen, Satu; Hakkila, Pentti; Nousiainen, Ismo.

    In: New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, Vol. 30, No. 1/2, 2000, p. 46 - 53.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Wood Energy 1999-2003

    T2 - A new national technology programme in Finland

    AU - Helynen, Satu

    AU - Hakkila, Pentti

    AU - Nousiainen, Ismo

    N1 - Project code: N9SU00315

    PY - 2000

    Y1 - 2000

    N2 - A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.

    AB - A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.

    KW - biomass

    KW - bioenergy

    KW - biofuels

    KW - wood fuels

    KW - energy production

    KW - combustion

    KW - research programmes

    KW - forest chips

    KW - logging residues

    KW - chipping

    KW - costs

    KW - quality

    UR - http://www.scionresearch.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/17136/NZJFS301-and-22000_46_53HELYNEN.pdf

    M3 - Article

    VL - 30

    SP - 46

    EP - 53

    JO - New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science

    JF - New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science

    SN - 0048-0134

    IS - 1/2

    ER -