Wood Energy 1999-2003: A new national technology programme in Finland

Satu Helynen, Pentti Hakkila, Ismo Nousiainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46 - 53
Number of pages8
JournalNew Zealand Journal of Forestry Science
Volume30
Issue number1/2
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Finland
Wood
energy
wood residues
wood chips
thinning (plants)
forest products industry
thinning
sawmills
Sawmills
sawdust
salvaging
Costs
Salvaging
Sawdust
cost
production costs
logging
quality control
Timber

Keywords

  • biomass
  • bioenergy
  • biofuels
  • wood fuels
  • energy production
  • combustion
  • research programmes
  • forest chips
  • logging residues
  • chipping
  • costs
  • quality

Cite this

Helynen, Satu ; Hakkila, Pentti ; Nousiainen, Ismo. / Wood Energy 1999-2003 : A new national technology programme in Finland. In: New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. 2000 ; Vol. 30, No. 1/2. pp. 46 - 53.
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abstract = "A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.",
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Wood Energy 1999-2003 : A new national technology programme in Finland. / Helynen, Satu; Hakkila, Pentti; Nousiainen, Ismo.

In: New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, Vol. 30, No. 1/2, 2000, p. 46 - 53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wood Energy 1999-2003

T2 - A new national technology programme in Finland

AU - Helynen, Satu

AU - Hakkila, Pentti

AU - Nousiainen, Ismo

N1 - Project code: N9SU00315

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.

AB - A new national energy technology programme, Wood Energy, has been launched in Finland by the National Technology Agency (Tekes).The programme's total budget for 1999 - 2003 is 250 million FIM (45 million USD), Tekes' share of which amounts to 50 million FIM.The programme is co-ordinated by VTT Energy.In 1998, the energy use of forest chips amounted to 0.5 million m3 solid. The target of the Wood Energy Technology Programme is to increase the annual use of forest chips to 2.5 million m3 solid in 2003, i.e., five-fold in 5 years. It is obvious that the target can be achieved mainly by increasing the use of logging residues from final cuttings, since salvaging residues from cut-over areas is more cost competitive than harvesting smallwood from young stands and early commercial thinnings. Newertheless, chip production from thinning of young stands will be developed as well. Increasing the use of forest chips requires that the cost of production is reduced still further, and that is naturally one of the main objectives of the programme. The programme is also helping to develop quality control and storege of wood chips. The quality of chips can be seen as an important cost factor, since the amount of heat obtained from the wood chips, the emissions produced, and the reliability of delivery and use all depend upon it. Improvement of the chip quality is not confirmed solely to forest chips, but it is just as important for wood residues from primary timber processing at sawmills. For this reason the scope of the programme also includes bark, sawdust, and other solid wood residues from the forest products industry that are suitable for fuel.

KW - biomass

KW - bioenergy

KW - biofuels

KW - wood fuels

KW - energy production

KW - combustion

KW - research programmes

KW - forest chips

KW - logging residues

KW - chipping

KW - costs

KW - quality

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M3 - Article

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EP - 53

JO - New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science

JF - New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science

SN - 0048-0134

IS - 1/2

ER -