X-ray microtomography applied to bio-based composites made of by-products from forest and agricultural industries

Amelie Tribot, Cédric Delattre, Philippe Michaud, Hélène de Baynast, Eric Badel, Claude-Gilles Dussap

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Depletion of fossil resources has resulted in a rising interest in renewable feedstock such as biomass, which has a tremendous potential to replace chemicals and/or materials from petro-chemistry. The development of a bio-based composite made of by-products from forest and agricultural industries was performed in this study. The matrix was composed of wood-lignin which is a complex natural polymer of phenylpropane units. Lignin was used under its sulfonated form after sulfite processing (lignosulfonates raw material). The reinforcements or fibers consisted of corn cob agricultural residues. Observation of the internal structure of the bio-based composite was done with X-ray microtomography technique. As soon as the object to analyze has varying density gradients in its substructure, an accurate map of the variation of X-ray absorption can be provided. With this non-invasive and non-destructive image technique, individual projections recorded from different viewing directions were used to reconstruct 3D image at a spatial resolution better than 1 micrometer. Fiber-matrix interface was satisfying since good compatibility between corn cob particles and lignosulfonates matrix was observed. Defects and cracks present in the matrix didn’t progress at the fiber-matrix interface where cohesion stays stronger. Quantification of fibers, voids, and porosity was done with image analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of Abstracts
Subtitle of host publicationEuropean Symposium on Biochemical Engineering Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event12th European Symposium on Biochemical Engineering Sciences - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 9 Sep 201812 Sep 2018

Conference

Conference12th European Symposium on Biochemical Engineering Sciences
Abbreviated titleESBES 2018
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period9/09/1812/09/18

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