X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)

Seppo Andersson (Corresponding Author), Ritva Serimaa, Tiina Väänänen, Timo Paakkari, Saila Jämsä, Pertti Viitaniemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Wood is thermally modified by heating and steaming in order to change its properties, e.g., to improve the biological resistance and to increase the hardness of wood. The structure of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) was studied using wide-angle, small-angle and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering methods. Modification temperatures varied from 100 to 240°C. No marked changes in the microfibril angle distribution were observed. The mass fraction of crystalline cellulose in wood (the crystallinity of wood) and the size of cellulose crystallites increased above 150°C. After modification at 230°C for 4 h the thickness of the cellulose crystallites increased from 3.1 to 3.4 nm. Thermal modification had no effect on the orientation of the voids, but an increase in the porosity of the cell wall was observed. The distance between cellulose crystallites was approximately 4.7 nm in hydrated wood and a decrease in order between microfibrils was observed at 160–200°C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422 - 427
Number of pages6
JournalHolzforschung
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

X ray scattering
Wood
Cellulose
Crystallites
Porosity
Hardness
Cells
Crystalline materials
Heating
Temperature

Keywords

  • cellulose
  • crystallinity
  • microfibril angle
  • Scots pine
  • thermally modified wood

Cite this

Andersson, S., Serimaa, R., Väänänen, T., Paakkari, T., Jämsä, S., & Viitaniemi, P. (2005). X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Holzforschung, 59(4), 422 - 427. https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2005.069
Andersson, Seppo ; Serimaa, Ritva ; Väänänen, Tiina ; Paakkari, Timo ; Jämsä, Saila ; Viitaniemi, Pertti. / X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). In: Holzforschung. 2005 ; Vol. 59, No. 4. pp. 422 - 427.
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Andersson, S, Serimaa, R, Väänänen, T, Paakkari, T, Jämsä, S & Viitaniemi, P 2005, 'X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)', Holzforschung, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 422 - 427. https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2005.069

X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). / Andersson, Seppo (Corresponding Author); Serimaa, Ritva; Väänänen, Tiina; Paakkari, Timo; Jämsä, Saila; Viitaniemi, Pertti.

In: Holzforschung, Vol. 59, No. 4, 2005, p. 422 - 427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)

AU - Andersson, Seppo

AU - Serimaa, Ritva

AU - Väänänen, Tiina

AU - Paakkari, Timo

AU - Jämsä, Saila

AU - Viitaniemi, Pertti

PY - 2005

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AB - Wood is thermally modified by heating and steaming in order to change its properties, e.g., to improve the biological resistance and to increase the hardness of wood. The structure of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) was studied using wide-angle, small-angle and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering methods. Modification temperatures varied from 100 to 240°C. No marked changes in the microfibril angle distribution were observed. The mass fraction of crystalline cellulose in wood (the crystallinity of wood) and the size of cellulose crystallites increased above 150°C. After modification at 230°C for 4 h the thickness of the cellulose crystallites increased from 3.1 to 3.4 nm. Thermal modification had no effect on the orientation of the voids, but an increase in the porosity of the cell wall was observed. The distance between cellulose crystallites was approximately 4.7 nm in hydrated wood and a decrease in order between microfibrils was observed at 160–200°C.

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KW - microfibril angle

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Andersson S, Serimaa R, Väänänen T, Paakkari T, Jämsä S, Viitaniemi P. X-ray scattering studies of thermally modified Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Holzforschung. 2005;59(4):422 - 427. https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2005.069