XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood

Leena-Sisko Johansson (Corresponding Author), J.M. Campbell, Tuomas Hänninen, Christelle Ganne-Chédeville, Tapani Vuorinen, Mark Hughes, Janne Laine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report reproducible XPS experiments on wood in two case studies. In the study on natural wood aging, we compared XPS bulk wood compositions of ancient and modern materials, analyzing spruce wood used as structural elements in roofs. Freshly cut specimens were analyzed before and after acetone extraction. In the other study, on wood surface aging, we used recently harvested, frozen pine as the sample material. In this experiment, never‐dried wood surfaces were exposed to dry conditions via different routes. Combining the data presented here with our earlier studies on paper and a recent solvent‐exchange study on nanofibrillated celluloses, we propose that both the lack of aging in the bulk wood and the rapid aging of the exposed wood surfaces are driven by the same process, i.e. the medium‐dependent surface adaptation of nature‐derived celluloses. Controlling this adaptation process is of a crucial importance in many technological applications of cellulose and wood materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-903
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Interface Analysis
Volume44
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event14th European Conference on Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis, ECASIA '11 - Cardiff, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Sep 20119 Sep 2011

Fingerprint

cellulose
Cellulose
Wood
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Aging of materials
roofs
Acetone
Roofs
acetone
Experiments
routes
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • XPS
  • wood
  • cellulose
  • acetone extraction
  • surface adaptation

Cite this

Johansson, L-S., Campbell, J. M., Hänninen, T., Ganne-Chédeville, C., Vuorinen, T., Hughes, M., & Laine, J. (2012). XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood. Surface and Interface Analysis, 44(8), 899-903. https://doi.org/10.1002/sia.4839
Johansson, Leena-Sisko ; Campbell, J.M. ; Hänninen, Tuomas ; Ganne-Chédeville, Christelle ; Vuorinen, Tapani ; Hughes, Mark ; Laine, Janne. / XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood. In: Surface and Interface Analysis. 2012 ; Vol. 44, No. 8. pp. 899-903.
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Johansson, L-S, Campbell, JM, Hänninen, T, Ganne-Chédeville, C, Vuorinen, T, Hughes, M & Laine, J 2012, 'XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood', Surface and Interface Analysis, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 899-903. https://doi.org/10.1002/sia.4839

XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood. / Johansson, Leena-Sisko (Corresponding Author); Campbell, J.M.; Hänninen, Tuomas; Ganne-Chédeville, Christelle; Vuorinen, Tapani; Hughes, Mark; Laine, Janne.

In: Surface and Interface Analysis, Vol. 44, No. 8, 2012, p. 899-903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Campbell, J.M.

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AU - Vuorinen, Tapani

AU - Hughes, Mark

AU - Laine, Janne

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AB - We report reproducible XPS experiments on wood in two case studies. In the study on natural wood aging, we compared XPS bulk wood compositions of ancient and modern materials, analyzing spruce wood used as structural elements in roofs. Freshly cut specimens were analyzed before and after acetone extraction. In the other study, on wood surface aging, we used recently harvested, frozen pine as the sample material. In this experiment, never‐dried wood surfaces were exposed to dry conditions via different routes. Combining the data presented here with our earlier studies on paper and a recent solvent‐exchange study on nanofibrillated celluloses, we propose that both the lack of aging in the bulk wood and the rapid aging of the exposed wood surfaces are driven by the same process, i.e. the medium‐dependent surface adaptation of nature‐derived celluloses. Controlling this adaptation process is of a crucial importance in many technological applications of cellulose and wood materials.

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Johansson L-S, Campbell JM, Hänninen T, Ganne-Chédeville C, Vuorinen T, Hughes M et al. XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood. Surface and Interface Analysis. 2012;44(8):899-903. https://doi.org/10.1002/sia.4839