Yield and glucosinolate of mustard seeds and volatile oils of caraway seeds and coriander fruit. III: Yield and volatile oils of coriander fruit (Coriandrum sativum L.)

Seija Hälvä, Timo Hirvi, Seija Mäkinen, Erkki Honkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Certain cultivars of coriander were tested during 1983—1985 at two locations in Finland, namely Helsinki and Kangasala. Only five cultivars were available for the trials: ‘Kultive’, ‘Hungarian’ l and ll, ‘Coriander’ LD and ‘Lucs’. The seeds germinated in 11—19 days and the vegetation reached a height of 36—115 centimeters by the end of the growing season. The growth period ranged from 108 to 132 days. The fruit yields ranged from 790 to 1900 kg/ha in loamy soil in Helsinki, and from 120 to 390 kg/ha in crusted silt soil in Kangasala. There were no significant differences between the yields of different cultivars in any single trial, despite the considerable annual variation. The amount of volatile oils in the fruit ranged from 0.34 to 1.49 ml/100 g and the proportion of the main compound, linalool, was 48.7—72.7 %.The small-fruited cultivars(‘Hungarian’ I and It, ‘Lucs’) had a higher oil content than those with larger fruits(‘Kultive’, ‘Coriander’ LD) but growth period of the small-fruited cultivars was too long for cultivation in the climatic conditions of the Nordic countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-172
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Scientific Agricultural Society of Finland
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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